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Clause, Beth E. “Online Course Content Delivery: Opportunity for Expertise From and Partnership With the Library.” Library Issues: Briefings for Faculty and Administrators 28, no. 6 (July 2008). 
The proliferation of online courses in higher education has created a greater potential for copyright infringement of educational materials through scanning and posting of digital articles and book chapters by teaching faculty.  Noting that university administrators ignore the problem at their peril, the author proposes that library e-reserves systems offer a readily-available solution for delivery of copyright-compliant digital materials.  In addition, librarian and staff expertise in collecting, licensing and delivering materials can maximize the effective use of institution-wide resources.  Pointing out that process changes may engender resistance from faculty and library staff, the author provides examples of workflow at Northwestern University Library.  A brief list of references to higher education copyright cases and articles on e-reserves is included.  J. Hutton

Mann, Bruce L. “Copyright Protection and the New Stakeholders in Online Distance Education: The Play’s the Thing.” First Monday 13, no. 7 (July 7, 2008).
The author summarizes the purpose and history of copyright and copyright reform in Canada, the UK and USA, especially where balancing fairness among stakeholders is concerned, and expresses the need for “establishing stable and predictable marketplace rules.”  The role of copyright in the creation, adaptation and reuse of digital teaching materials in distance education is discussed, with the author arguing that copyright should cover the process of web course development from the empty course management shell through to the data that fills the shell.  Because course design is a process, current copyright law needs strengthening to protect the instructional designers, content developers and end users.  N. Mactague

Marsden, Scott. “’How to Copy Right!” Library & Information Update 7, no. 4 (2008): 42-44. Learning Resources staff at the City of Sunderland College’s Copyright Advisory Service identified a need to teach students, faculty, and staff how to comply with copyright legislation, particularly when using the college’s virtual learning environment. The author describes the online, interactive tutorial that Learning Resources staff developed. To create the tutorial, Learning Resources worked in conjunction with other departments, including computing and visual and performing arts faculty. A student focus group was also consulted. The resulting tutorial contains a ready-reference, text-based section aimed primarily at college staff and a second section addressing students’ needs with regard to copyright. The student section is interactive. It uses a cartoon figure and follows a dialogue format, with each screen containing a small, easily digested amount of information. A quiz tests students’ knowledge. Before launching the tutorial, Learning Resources presented test versions to users, and their feedback led to revisions. The final version has been well received by users, who comment that the tutorial teaches a complex subject in an engaging, easily understood way. The tutorial has been integrated into courses and used college-wide. The author notes that such tutorials have to focus on user needs and be designed creatively.  R. Miller


Alsaffar, Jackie. “Copyright Concerns in Online Education: What Students Need to Know.” Journal of Library Administration 45, no. 1 (2006): 1-16.
Online students are at greater risk of violating copyright laws than are face-to-face students, because online content can be reviewed more easily than face-to-face content.  Therefore, students need to understand what plagiarism and educational fair use are, what is in the public domain, and how to get permission to use what is not public domain.  The author offers tips for librarians on understanding and promoting copyright compliance in online education.  N. Mactague

Davis, H. “Copyright in the Online Course Environment.” Journal of Library Administration 45, no. 3/4 (2006): 513-515. To help attendees select the workshops they want to attend, this brief, two-page article summarizes the content of a copyright-compliance workshop for distance education faculty and librarians to be offered at the Twelfth Off-Campus Library Services Conference.  N. Mactague